On October 13, the government notified new online rules for Pakistani citizens and social media companies operating in Pakistan.
So what exactly do the ‘Removal and Blocking of Unlawful Online Content Rules, 2021’ state?
As per the new ambit of the rules, any content posted online will be removed or blocked if it is against:
- the “glory of Islam”
- the “security of Pakistan”
- “public order”, which means that if online content contains any “fake or false information that threatens public order, public health and public safety”
- “decency and morality”
- “integrity and defence of Pakistan”
The aggrieved complaint, who could be an individual or a government agency or department, can file a complaint with the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) and in some cases, the identity of the complainant will be kept confidential if it may result in “harming, harassing or defaming the complainant.”
On receiving a complaint, the Authority will have 30 days to decide on the matter. After which, the Authority will give the social media company 48 hours to comply, and in case of emergencies only 12 hours.
If the social company fails to comply, it will have to provide a written explanation within 48 hours, otherwise its services will be degrade or the entire online information system blocked or it will be fined a penalty of up to Rs5 million.
Under the new rules, social media companies are required to provide to the investigation agency any information, data and content in “decrypted, readable and [a] comprehensible format”.
Social media companies are also required to set up a mechanism that ensures the immediate blocking of live streaming, particularly if it is related to terrorism, hate speech, pornographic content or if it is detrimental to national security.
The new rules further mandate social media companies register with the PTA within three months and establish an office in Pakistan, with a physical address, preferably located in Islamabad.